Part 2: Effect of Assignment of Lease by Lessee to Assignee (Section 143)

The Property Law Bill 2023 (Qld) stands as a monumental piece of legislation set to modernise property law in Queensland. Since its introduction in the Queensland Parliament on 23 February 2023, it has been the focal point of substantial attention and anticipation. In our previous segment, we explored the alterations proposed by Section 142 of the Bill, outlining the new processes for lessors and lessees engaged in lease assignments. Now, in the second part of our series, our focus turns to Section 143 of the Bill, which delineates the practical impact of the Bill on the transfer of lease terms between lessees and assignees. 

Section 143 – A Shift in Lease Assignments

Section 143 of the Bill introduces a pivotal concept known as the ‘doctrine of privity of estate,’ a cornerstone principle governing the transfer of lease agreements. Under this doctrine, when a lease is assigned, the assignee inherits both the privileges and responsibilities originally outlined in the lease. In essence, the assignee steps into the shoes of the original lessee, embracing not only the benefits but also the obligations embedded in the lease.

Nevertheless, the Bill recognises that there are circumstances where a rigid adherence to this doctrine may not be equitable or just. To address these subtleties, the Act presents specific exceptions, allowing the assignee’s obligations and rights to diverge from the doctrine of privity of estate.

Exception 1: Personalised Lease Terms

When the original lease specifically labels a term as personal to the original lessee, the assignee is not obligated to comply with or does not gain the advantage of that term. This provision empowers lessees to negotiate lease agreements, specifying certain terms as exclusive to their unique relationship with the lessor, thus preventing their automatic transfer to future assignees.

1.     Exclusivity Clause: This clause serves as a safeguard against the lessor renting to a competing business within the same building.

2.     Right of First Refusal: This clause grants the lessee the first option to purchase the premises before it’s put on the market for sale.

3.     Specialised Usage Rights: An example of this clause is where the lessee is granted exclusive usage rights to certain common areas during the lease term (i.e. storage space, carpark, swimming pool).

While these types of provisions are undoubtedly beneficial to lessees, it’s important to recognise that lessors may not always wish to be bound by them if the lease is assigned to a new lessee. In such cases, parties involved can mutually agree that the rights granted under these clauses are personal to the original lessee, thereby maintaining flexibility and ensuring that the lease agreement aligns with the changing dynamics of the property market.

Exception 2: Express Exclusions in Lease

If the original lease explicitly excludes the application of Section 143, the assignee is not bound by the default provisions of the doctrine of privity of estate. This provides parties with the flexibility to customise their lease agreement, superseding standard provisions with specific terms.

This exception empowers parties to maintain control over the lease agreement and its terms, ensuring that it accurately reflects the evolving dynamics of their business relationship. Such autonomy benefits both lessors and lessees, allowing them to craft a lease agreement that best suits their unique needs.

Lessors can also use this exception to protect their interests by excluding or modifying certain provisions that might pose potential risks in the future. This enables them to create a lease agreement that aligns with their long-term goals and strategies while fostering a positive and mutually beneficial leasing relationship with the original lessee.

Exception 3: Agreement between Lessee and Assignee

The new Property Law Act will allow for both the lessee and assignee to jointly decide that specific term benefits will remain with the lessee. This decision must be in writing and is subject to two key preconditions:

1.     The benefit of the term accrued to the lessee prior to the assignment.

2.     The lessor provides explicit consent for the term benefit to remain with the lessee after the assignment.

This exception allows lessees the opportunity to safeguard the has negotiated an option to purchase the land, they can ensure that they can exercise this right even after assignment.

This provision in the legislation promotes flexibility and collaboration in lease assignments, allowing all parties to actively participate in shaping the lease’s future. It encourages open communication and negotiation to ensure a fair and equitable assignment. 


Section 143 of the new Property Law Act introduces a harmonious blend of legal principles and practical considerations. While the doctrine of privity of estate remains a cornerstone, the new legislation places a strong emphasis on the importance of flexibility and adaptability within lease agreements. The exceptions outlined in this legislation offer a unique opportunity for all parties involved to craft lease terms that align with their objectives, protect their interests, and promote a transparent lease assignment process.

As we await the full implementation of the new Property Law Act in Queensland, stakeholders within the property sector are encouraged to take a proactive approach in embracing these changes. A comprehensive understanding of Section 143’s provisions, their far-reaching implications, and the wealth of opportunities they offer can pave the way for well-informed decision-making. Additionally, this proactive engagement will play a pivotal role in preventing potential disputes and nurturing a lease assignment landscape that not only upholds stability but also encourages innovation.

Contact us today on (07) 3161 2847 or for personalised guidance, tailored solutions, and expert insights that will safeguard your interests and foster a smoother transition in this evolving legal environment. Your success is our priority, and we’re ready to be your trusted partner in property law.